This is not an all inclusive list but rather terms commonly used within this community.
Nominal: Not inflation adjusted. For example a 4% yield on a 10 year US Treasury is considered a nominal yield. Assuming there is 1% inflation, the real yield would then be 3% which is an inflation adjusted yield. The term nominal applies to GDP and other economic data points.
Non Farm Payrolls (NFP): A monthly report issued by the US Bureau Of Labor Statistics that measures employment gains/losses in the labor market.
Primary Dealers: Banks and securities broker-dealers that trade in U.S. Government securities